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Agrarian Reforms in Post-Communist Uzbekistan

Agrarian Reforms in Post-Communist Uzbekistan

Tareak A. Rather

Year : 2013

Bibliography :

144pp

ISBN : 9788175416765, Price : $55.00 Add To Cart

About the Book

Though agrarian reforms have, throughout, condensed the socio-economic disparity prevailing in different societies and helped to bring considerable change in social structures. Some notable changes did occur in the agrarian systems of Post-Communist Central Asian states too but so far as the socio-economic change in the rural Central Asia is concerned, it has not really made any meaningful mark. After the collapse of Soviet Union and in its backdrop the emergence of independent states of Central Asia had made experts envision bloom of the agricultural economies but nothing much of this sort happened, it rather worsened as there was no Central Command System in place. Analysing the reforms that took place during the last two decades in Uzbekistan, these have not changed the destiny of the rural masses. The most fruitful agricultural crop of Uzbekistan has been cotton, generating major foreign currency. The government continues to be the owner of the land and did not allow its privatisation, though it has been leased out to those who are economically and politically well placed. Consequently a large number of population migrated mainly to Russian federation and Kazakhstan to earn their livelihood. The migration of working population in its turn brought about considerable changes in the social institutions of the land. The book focuses on the direction and socio-economic impact of agrarian reforms introduced immediately after the independence of Uzbekistan. Policy makers and scholars having interest in Central Asia may find the volume useful.

About Author

Dr. Tareak Ahmed Rather is an Associate Professor (Sociology) at Centre of Central Asian studies, University of Kashmir. His research papers have been published in national as well as international journals of repute. His book Yoke to Wheel was well received in the academic circles across the country. Dr. Tareak has travelled extensively to Europe and Central Asia, and has been visiting fellow at department of Sociological studies, University of Sheffield, U.K. and Academy of Sciences, Tashkent Uzbekistan.


Contents

Preface; List of Tables and Graphs; Abbreviations; Glossary; 1. Introduction; Traditional Uzbek Society; Role of Agriculture in Uzbek Economy; Land Tenure System before Russian Revolution; Soviet Legacy; Central Asian Resources and Cotton Monoculture; Uzbekistan at the Dawn of Independence; Uzbekistan at Present; Agriculture and Development; Institutional Constraint, Land Reforms and Free Market; Household Plots a Major Source of Sustenance; Description of the Universe; 2. Agriculture in Uzbekistan: Historical Insights; Tsarist Agrarian Policies; Russian Revolution and its impact on Uzbek; Agriculture; Irrigation and Water Resources; Demerits of Extensive Path; Political Elite and Cotton Economy; Agriculture: The Largest Sector of Economy inUzbekistan; 3.Agrarian Transformation in Uzbekistan; Agriculture the Main Stay of Rural Population; From State Farms to Leasing-in; Big Farmers Winning Out; Lack of Community Development Programmes; Lack of Political Will: A Major Hindrance; Rationale against Privatization; Inequality and Social Stratification in Uzbekistan; Challenges in Agrarian Reforms of Uzbekistan; Emigration the Way Around; 4.Conclusion and Suggestions; Soviet Legacy; Absence of Democratic Institutions; Water Sharing with Other States Needs to be Addressed; Environmental Concerns; Suggestions; Bibliography; Index;

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